Table of Contents
A person’s biography should be factual. A biographical text is said to be factual if it is based on the following:
- Reality of the character’s life.
- The character’s actual life experience.
- Text integrity.
- The truth about the characters written.
The figures are usually as significant as a curriculum vitae written by someone else. Examples of famous figures’ biographies include Indonesian heroes, international musicians, scientists, and other vital statistics.
What is the purpose of a Biographical study?
The biographical research is concerned with the reconstruction of life histories and the constitution of meaning based on biographical narratives and documents. The material for analysis consists of interview protocols (memorandums), video recordings, photographs, and various sources.
How to Make a Biography?
Anyone can write a biography as long as they write it based on the character’s reality. However, you cannot be careless in writing. There are several things to pay attention to.
Writing a biography is as follows:
1. Determine the character.
The first step is to determine who the character whose biography will be written is. You can choose characters who are still alive or who have died. Ensure that the character you choose has his work or appeal to society.
2. Collect sources
After you are sure about a particular figure, the next step is to start finding sources that will be used as data. Your reference must be valid; it could be a journal, video, or other source. The more influential the character you write about, the longer it will take you to gather sources.
From these sources, your task is to find out what interesting facts about the character you are writing about. Why is this figure so crucial for the public to know?
3. Sequencing the time
If you are writing a biography, don’t forget the time sequence. Don’t tell your life in 2013, then suddenly write about your life in 1990.
The time order must be appropriate, usually starting from childhood to your current life. If a character has died, it is written until the character dies.
4. Write down your achievements or works
Biographies involving influential figures will have specific achievements or works. It would help if you also wrote it in the narrative so that people know this character is worthy of emulation.
5. Biographies Based on Writing Permission
Based on writing permission, biographies are divided into two types, namely:
- Authorized biography: Writing a biography has received permission from the person being written about.
- Unauthorized biography: The character written about is usually dead, so the author narrates his life experiences without the character’s permission.
A more complete explanation regarding the correct sequence of biographical text structure is as follows.
Several characteristics of biographical texts distinguish them from other types. Some are about a character’s life journey or story, and the paragraph development is narrative and descriptive; the pattern is chronological.
Biographical Text Structures
Each type of text has its unique structure, and biographies are no different. This structure will be a guide in compiling the text later. There are three biographical text structures, including:
1. Orientation or Setting.
The orientation section contains a general initial description of a character. So, the content is about background information or events, which will be told in the following area.
Presenting information will answer questions about who, where, when, and how. This section will help readers better understand the following plot’s delivery.
2. Important Events or Occurrences
The following structure is important events or occurrences. The content is about a series of events experienced by a character and arranged chronologically according to time sequence.
This section will explain various interesting, unique, and even touching things experienced by the character concerned. There are also comments from the storyteller on several parts.
The final structure is reorientation, and this part is optional. The content is a concluding statement or comment on the results of evaluating the storyline discussed previously. So, the content is about the author’s view of the related characters.
The last structural part, namely reorientation, may or may not be present in the biographical text, regarding whether or not it adapts to each author. So, the question of the correct sequence of biographical text structure has been answered: orientation, important events or problems, reorientation.
Biographies help us understand how successful people handle crises and solve complex problems. They invite us into people’s lives, allowing us to observe them as they grapple with challenges and make crucial decisions.
Sometimes, biographies can be a warning, helping us know what pitfalls to avoid. They open our eyes to the world, allowing us to walk a mile in someone else’s shoes. This ultimately leads to greater understanding and better decision-making. In short, reading biographies will help you whether you’re an experienced executive or just launching your career.