Aging and health All over the world people are living extensively than they use to. Today, most of the population has a life expectancy of 60 ages or more.
In 2030, every sixth person in the world will be 60 years or older. The population aged 60 and over will have grown from 1 billion in 2020 to 1.4 billion by then. The world population of this age group will double by 2050 (2.1 billion). The number of people over 80 expect to triple to 426 million between 2020 and 2050.
This shift in the population distribution of countries towards an older age – known as population aging – started in high-income countries (for example, in Japan, 30% of the population is already over 60 years old). Still, tremendous changes currently are in low-income country’s middle-income watch. Will live in low- and middle-income countries.
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From a biological point of view, aging results from the accumulation of myriad molecular and cellular damage over time, leading to a gradual decline in physical and mental abilities and an increased risk of disease and ultimately death. However, these changes are not linear or uniform, and their relationship to a person’s age in years is relatively relative. The diversity in old age is no coincidence. Aside from biological changes, aging is often associated with other life transitions, such as retirement, moving to a more suitable home, and the death of friends and co-workers.
Common Diseases Related to Aging
Common illnesses in old age are hearing loss, cataracts, and ametropia, back and neck pain, osteoarthritis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, depression, and dementia. In addition, the likelihood of multiple conditions occurring at once increases with age.
Age is characterized by various complex health conditions commonly known as geriatric syndromes. They are usually the result of several underlying factors, including, but not limited to, frailty, urinary incontinence, falls, delusions, and pressure sores.
Factors Affecting Healthy Aging
Extending life expectancy offers opportunities for older people and their families and society. In these additional years of life, On the other hand, older people contribute to their families and communities in many ways. However, the scope of these opportunities and contributions depends heavily on one factor
Evidence shows that the proportion of healthy living has remained practically constant, suggesting the extra years marked by poor health. If people can spend those additional years of life in good health and in a supportive environment, their ability to do what they value most won’t be much different from that of a younger person. If those extra years are in their place subject to declining physical and mental performance, the effects on the elderly and society become even more damaging.
Although some of the differences in the health status of the elderly are genetic, most influencing factors, have to do with physical and social surroundings, mainly home, neighborhood, community, and personal characteristics such as gender and ethnicity. Or socio-economic status. The environment in which one lives during childhood or even in the embryonic phase, combined with individual elements, has long-term effects on aging.
Physical and Social Environments
can directly impact health or create barriers or incentives that influence health-related habits. Maintaining healthy habits throughout life. It particularly a balanced diet regular physical activity.it and avoiding tobacco use, will help reduce the risk of non-communicable diseases, improve physical and mental performance, and delay drug addiction. Care
A supportive physical and social environment .it makes it easier for people to get involved in essential activities despite losing their skills. The availability of safe and accessible buildings.it and public transport. And also places where it is easy to walk are examples of conducive environments. In formulating a public health response.it to aging. it is vital to consider the individual and environmental elements that can cushion age-related losses and promote recovery, adjustment, and psychosocial growth.
Difficulty Responding to an Aging Population
Around is no such thing as the “typical” elderly person. Some eighty-year-olds have physical and mental abilities that are in no way inferior to many in their mid-twenties. On the other hand, other people experience significant deterioration at a much earlier age. Hence. the public health response needs to be comprehensive. it is consider the vast differences between the experiences and needs of older people.
The diversity in old age is no coincidence. It is due mainly to people’s physical and social environment, as that environment affects their opportunities and health habits.